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Title Critical Literacy And Aweness: Melanesia
Edition
Call Number KAPAL Perempuan 330 SIM C
ISBN/ISSN
Author(s) Joel Simo - Personal Name
Subject(s) Education
MELANESIA
Classification 330
Series Title
GMD Text
Language Indonesia
Publisher Asia South Pacific Association for Basic and Adult Educatiobn
Publishing Year 2004
Publishing Place India
Collation 22 HLM; 21 CM
Abstract/Notes The acquisition of literacy and numeracy skills is, therefore, necessary for survival in any modernized or monetized state. The skills of the 3Rs can be acquired if the illiterates and the innumerates are invited to the literacy and numeracy programmes and be coached to "discover that their task as human beings is to make history ... and simultaneously to learn how to command their language and discover the reasons which explain their concrete situation [reality] in their society" (Freire 1975: 246). The illiterates must be led to develop a mental readiness to recognize graphemes or letters which represent linguistic signs and correlate them with meaning. "Writing", as Saussure observed, "is the tangible form of images" ((1959:15) or if you wish, a graphic representation of mental images ofreality. That being the case, it appears plausible therefore to extend the perception of literacy as propounded here to embrace a host of phenomena that is subsumed under art and/or cultural practices or events which encode meaning which can be "read" (see Faraclas, this volume). Those who subscribe to this view will agree that the intricate tattoos or motifs of the Motu, the Mekeo, the Orokaiva, the Abelam, the Tolai, the Trobriand, the Chambri and other cultural communities' art do encode mean ing which the speakers themselves can "read" or decode. This I understand is the message that Sukwianomb, Faraclas, Kamene and others are attempting to advance in this volume. The expanded perception of literacy is not that strange, however, when considering the writing system with which we are familiar. Writing systems of the world have been refined from human art or symbolic representations of humankind's perception of reality. The dubious need only to compare a number of the ancient recording systems such as the Egyptian hieroglyphics, the Chinese pictographics the Phoenician writing with the traditional Papua New Guinean art to as certain the similarities underlying these differing but not exclusive literacy systems.
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